BMI Post 40

The 100 civics (history and government) questions and answers for the naturalization test are listed below. The civics test is an oral test and the USCIS Officer will ask the applicant up to 10 of the 100 civics questions. An applicant must answer 6 out of 10 questions correctly to pass the civics portion of the naturalization test.


A: Principles of American Democracy

1. What is the supreme law of the land?

                the Constitution

2. What does the Constitution do?

              sets up the government

              defines the government

protects basic rights of Americans

3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

             We the People

4. What is an amendment?

          a change (to the Constitution)              an addition (to the Constitution)


5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

           the Bill of Rights

6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*

          speech   religion   assembly   press    petition the government


7. How many amendments does the Constitution have?

          twenty-seven (27)

8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?

         announced our independence (from Great Britain)

         declared our independence (from Great Britain)

         said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)

9. What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

        life     liberty      pursuit of happiness

10. What is freedom of religion?

      You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.

11. What is the economic system in the United States?*

      capitalist economy            market economy

 12. What is the “rule of law”?

     Everyone must follow the law.

     Leaders must obey the law.

     Government must obey the law

     No one is above the law


 B: System of Government

13. Name one branch or part of the government.

Congress               President           the courts

legislative             executive            judicial


14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

checks and balances                       separation of powers


15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?

the President

16. Who makes federal laws?

Congress            Senate and House (of Representatives)          (U.S. or national) legislature

17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*

the Senate and House (of Representatives)

18. How many U.S. Senators are there?

one hundred (100)

19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

six (6)

20. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?*

Nevada: Catherine Cortez Masto (D)   Jadky Rosen (D)

21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

four hundred thirty-five (435)

22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

two (2)

23. Name your U.S. Representative.

Nevada:  Dina Titus (D);  Mark Amode (R);  Susie Lee (D)

24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

all people of the state

25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

(because of) the state’s population

(because) they have more people

(because) some states have more people

26. We elect a President for how many years?

four (4)

27. In what month do we vote for President?*


28. What is the name of the President of the United States now?*

Joseph R. Biden, Jr.

29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

Kamala Harris

30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

the Vice President

31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

the Speaker of the House

32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

the President

33. Who signs bills to become laws?

the President

34. Who vetoes bills?

the President

35. What does the President’s Cabinet do?

advises the President

36. What are two Cabinet-level positions? 

Secretary of Agriculture                                          Secretary of the Interior

Secretary of Commerce                                          Secretary of Labor

Secretary of Defense                                             Secretary of State

Secretary of Education                                           Secretary of Transportation

Secretary of Energy                                               Secretary of the Treasury

Secretary of Health and Human Services                  Secretary of Veterans Affairs

Secretary of Homeland Security                              Attorney General

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development          Vice President


37. What does the judicial branch do?

reviews lawsr                                   esolves disputes (disagreements)

explains laws                                   decides if a law goes against the Constitution

38. What is the highest court in the United States?

the Supreme Court

39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

nine (9)

40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)

41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?

to print money                    to create an army

to declare war                     to make treaties

42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

provide schooling and education                    give a driver’s license

provide protection (police)                            approve zoning and land use

provide safety (fire departments)

43. Who is the Governor of your state now?

Nevada: Steve Sisolak

44. What is the capital of your state?*

Carson City, Nv.

45. What are the two major political parties in the United States?*

Democratic and Republican

46. What is the political party of the President now?

Democratic (Party)


47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

Nancy Pelosi

C: Rights and Responsibilities

48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.

Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).

You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.

Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)

A male citizen of any race (can vote).

49. What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*

serve on a jury

vote in a federal election

50. Name one right only for United States citizens.

vote in a federal election

run for federal office



continued on page 2